Thermal Solar Heating
How it works
Solar thermal systems use the sun’s warmth to heat your hot water.Fluid inside solar panels on your roof absorbs irradiance from the sun.It’s then pumped along pipes to your hot water cylinder, heating up the water to a preset temperature.Your boiler or immersion heater then tops up the heat as needed, bringing the water to the temperature on the thermostat. Run yourself a nice relaxingbath to celebrate – you’ll be saving money every time you turn on the hot tap.
Step by step
We supply closed-loop solar thermal systems. This means the fluid that circulates from the panel to the hot water cylinder never touches the water that comes out of your tap. Check the diagram below to see how split pressurise system works.
Every solar thermal system is made up of a solar panel (also known as a solar collector), a hot water cylinder, a pump and controller. You’ll also need a boiler or immersion heater to back up the system.
There are two types of solar thermal panel: flat-plate collectors and evacuated-tube collectors. Evacuated-tube collectors are known for being the more efficient of the two, as they can produce slightly higher yields in autumn and spring.However, over the course of a year the amount of hot water both types of collector produce is very similar, so we’d advise you to consider the pros and cons of each before making a decision.
Glazed flat-plate collectors are good value, last a long time and need very little maintenance. They can also sit level with the line of your roof, which gives a neater look and saves money on other roofing materials.
Evacuated-tube collectors have a higher efficiency than flat-plate collectors, so they may be a good option if you only have a small area of space. They can also be mounted in almost any orientation, from a flat roof to a wall. So even if you already have PV panels covering your roof, you may still be able to fix a solar thermal collector to a south-facing wall.
The ideal hot water cylinder will have a twin coil heating system. The lower coil is heated by the solar panel and the upper coil by a conventional boiler.
The speed of the pump is managed by the controller. It reacts to the temperature of the fluid in the solar collector and the water in the cylinder to automatically determine the rate at which the fluid is pumped around the system.